Vatican city is the world smallest independent state with just 44 hectors area and 800 population. It is situated on the Vatican hill, on the right bank of the Tiber River, within the Rome. Vatican City State was established in 1929 by the Lateran Treaty, on behalf of Pope Pius XI.
people wrongly perspective about the holy see and Vatican city as the same entity, but actually that’s both are distinct entity. Both have distinct passports: the Holy See, not being a country, issues only diplomatic and service passports, whereas Vatican City State issues normal passports. In each case very few passports are issued.
The pope has full legal, executive, and judicial powers. Executive power over the area is in the hands of a commission of cardinals appointed by the pope.
There is also a beautiful garden in Vatican City which decorated with fountains and sculptures. The park cover more than half of the area of the state. It’s covered with stone walls from south, north and east.
The state is also home of some of the most famous art in the world.The Vatican Library and the collections of the Museums are of the highest historical, scientific and cultural importance. In 1984, the Vatican was added by UNESCO to the List of World Heritage Sites; it is the only one to consist of an entire state
The Vatican climate is same as the Rome and Italy, In winter usually rain more often from September to may. the summer is hot and dry start from June to August.